The New York Times ran a debate between Sokal (of Sokal affair fame) and Lynch regarding the underpinnings of science, apparently sparked by Rick Perry's denial of evolution. I've read several "why science is better than religion" things like this, and none of them ever give what I see as the obvious proof, so I'd like to contribute it here.
If you have some theory which works 10% of the time, and you do one experiment, there's a 10% chance you'll falsely believe your theory is good. Do two experiments, and that probability drops to 1%. Three, four, ..., N experiments later, and the likelihood that you'll have seen all false positives is vanishingly small.
Another way of putting this is: the law of large numbers says that, if you do a large number of experiments, you'll tend towards the right answer. If evolution is supported by vast amounts of evidence, the probability of it being wrong is so small as to be inconsequential. This has nothing to do with experimental science, it's just a mathematical fact. QED.
I guess Prof. Lynch will tell me that the mathematical assumptions which underlie the law of large numbers are just as suspect as the assumption that the bible is infallible. Maybe, but it strikes me that few fundamentalists are claiming that 2 + 2 = 5, indicating that much progress could be made by making clear the mathematical foundations of science.
I'll leave you with what I think is Sokal's best argument (tragically not in that op-ed):
Anyone who believes that the laws of physics are mere social conventions is invited to try transgressing those conventions from the windows of my apartment. (I live on the twenty-first floor.)